Why Child Labour?

By – Alok Singh.

Child Labour is one of the challenges for many countries. 

Whenever we visit any city or countryside, a child is working at a restaurant, another is picking garbage or maybe cleaning the roads. And they are mainly around 6-14 years old only.

The children are god-gifted to their parents. But due to financial problems, they force their children to work which they don’t even deserve. Children are as soft as a white sheet of paper which is completely blank that you can write anything. That means they learn everything that their parents teach them at an early age. But every child is not as lucky as others. Many fail to know or even say their names properly. Due to child labor, they miss the value of childhood and learning. 

Let’s understand this controversial topic with a different framework! 

What are Conditions in the World for Child Labour?

According to a data, NEW YORK/GENEVA, 10 June 2021–The number of children in child labor has risen to 160 million worldwide – an increase of 8.4 million children in the last four years – with millions more at risk due to the impacts of COVID-19, according to a new report by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and UNICEF.

The situation is getting worse rather than improving. 

The data show that around 58% of boys and 42% of girls are working in different sectors instead of having a bag and going to school. 

What steps are taken by ILO in improving Child Labour?

Since 1990’s, the ILO – as the UN agency which sets international standards on child labour as well as on other fundamental principles and rights at work – has led a global effort to raise awareness of the child labour problem, to encourage member States to put in place appropriate legal and policy frameworks, and to ensure that appropriate attention is paid to child labour in wider development policies and programmes.   The ILO’s most recent global estimates of child labour indicate that significant progress is being made. In the period 2000-2012, there had been a decline of over 30 percent in the number of children trapped in child labour from 246 million to 168 million. Most significant had been the accelerated decline between 2008 and 2012: 47 million fewer children in child labour, including 30 million fewer in its worst forms. This is remarkable progress over a short period of time that deserves to be pursued until all child labour is a thing of the past. At the international level, the ILO has worked with governments, social partners, and civil society in generating momentum for efforts to address child labor. Starting with the Oslo and Amsterdam Conferences of 1997, a Conference in The Hague in 2010, and a follow-up conference in Brazil in 2013, efforts have been made to build a worldwide movement of actors against child labor.

According to the International human rights law!

Concerning child labour, the ILO Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) requires States to specify in law a minimum age for admission to employment not less than the age of finishing compulsory education, and which in any case, should not be less than 15 years.

The law defines things clearly, so here is the question with everyone is, why is child labour still there in our surroundings, who is responsible for this cause? 

Child labour in India 🇮🇳

In India, child labor is common as we all observe different – different places near or surrounding us. The sweated body with merciful eyes, starving with hunger on the roadside. Tears were rolling from their eyes when they saw other children having a beautiful life. 

Oh God! What dice do you play with humans?

Legal Point of View. 

According to article 24, There is a prohibition of child Labour of employment in factories below the age of 14 years. 

As working in factories they lose their eyesight so early in their little age. 

Whereas article 39 ensures that the states must take care of the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of the children. Apart from this, under article 45, there is provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 to 14. 

If these all provisions are made than why there is no care of child labour? This can be the biggest point of view, why the eyes don’t reach these students, and why the media don’t represent the report weekly on child labor improve?  

The changes won’t occur by 2-3 people. We all have to raise our voices for the child labour, and we all have to improve the conditions. We all are modernised by technology, but the thoughts and many things are still as usual. 

If you want to look modern, then change the situation of your surroundings. Don’t only depend upon  administration of Government, NGO, ILO and UNICEF to take care of child labour. Every educated citizen must take action. 

Let’s help the needy children. Give your support and help erase the child labour. 

Thank You. 

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